Reading Difficulties

Many people struggle with reading. There are a wide range of reading difficulties from those who are diagnosed with a reading disability such as dyslexia or learning disability to those who are just lagging behind and could benefit from some focused reading assistance.  

Reading difficulties can seriously impact a child’s performance in school and if persisting into adulthood, can also cause difficulties in the workplace.  Reading difficulties are best addressed when caught at a young age. 

Signs of reading difficulty include:

  • Difficulty pronouncing/sounding out words

  • Trouble understanding/remembering what was read

  • Slow rate when reading aloud

  • Ignoring punctuation when reading

  • No expression/intonation when reading

  • Confusing letters

Reading performance can be impacted by impairments in many different areas including:

  • Decoding

  • Vocabulary

  • Reading fluency

  • Comprehension

  • Inferencing

  • Attention

  • Memory

A Speech-Language Pathologist can help determine where in the reading process the trouble is occurring and then provide targeted help to build skills in these areas as well as coordinating with the school/teacher to accommodate the student’s weaknesses or build on their strengths. 

ADD/ADHD

ADD/ADHD are learning disabilities which are characterized by difficulty paying attention, and in some cases acting impulsively and displaying...

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Decoding

Decoding is the ability to sound out words by sound-letter correspondence and blend sounds so that written text can be recognized and interpreted.

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Dyslexia

This learning disability affects language development and is characterized by difficulties in reading and writing/spelling.

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Learning Disability

A person with a learning disability may have impaired language processing, phonological processing, visual spatial processing, and more.

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Literacy

Early literacy development begins with children looking at books and listening to their parents read.

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Phonemic Awareness

Phonemic awareness is an important pre-reading skill. More specifically, it is an underlying component of phonological awareness.

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Phonological Awareness

If a child struggles with phonological awareness, they will often go on to have difficulties reading and writing. 

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